Cool stuff for creative designing.
In this workshop I will demonstrate how you can generate initial ideas, improve your sketching and presentation skills and learn how to develop professional presentation techniques using Marker pens, photocopier and Photoshop. This will be your chance to try out some new technologies and methods that can really advance your graphical communication skills.

Creative theme
Designing a USB drive/MP3 Player speaker based on standard lego bricks
Here are some existing products:

Designing Skills
When designing a product, students should be able to respond creatively to design briefs and specification criteria, including:
  • clear communication of design intentions using notes/or sketches
  • annotation which relates to the original specification criteria

Design Brief

Designing a USB drive/MP3 Player speaker based on standard lego bricks you are going to design a casing using the following specifications:
  • Will encase all the internal components using the Lego brick shape
  • Will be rectangular in shape
  • Will allow the USB to be inserted into the computer easily
  • Will be made of plastic
  • Will be colourful and contain a graphic to suit Lego

Initial Ideas

  • Sketching
  • Lining in & adding colour
Resources to download and use - Click and download the originals:
  • Orthographic views
  • Isometric

Final Design

  • 2 Point Perspective
  • Google SketchUp

Using Pencils

There are different types of pencils as well as different quality of pencils, you should be using artist quality pencils. The range of differrent lead types include H, HB and B.
You can use a 2B pencil for shading and toning a drawing, while a 2H pencil is better for construction and fine detail lines. A compromise would be to use a sharp HB pencil for both purposes. The paper you draw on can also make a difference, to the behavior of the pencil as well as the final sketch.
Check out the following site

Colour swatches

Colour swatches indicate a range of colours you intend to use in a project, you may refer to your specifications, or market research.
For example check this site out:

Which then leads to this link:
Or try this colour and pattern palette maker:


Design Development

Consider all the angles, annotation of important features, methods of manufacture and materials,
Finally copy and add colour - try range of rendering techniques:
  • colouring pencils
  • marker pens
  • watercolours
  • pastels
  • composite card drawing


Orthographic Projection and Working Drawings

Once you've created one or more suitable concept sketches, the next step is to make working drawings.
These are drawings that are proportionally accurate but at a reduced scale, often 1/4 of full size. They are used to refine design details and to determine specific dimensions of the various components. They also form the basis for the bill of materials and cutlists. Unlike sketching, working drawings are not drawn freehand, but rather are created with drafting tools (pencils, erasers!, triangles, T-square, compass, French curve, ...) or with a CAD package.
The most common type of working drawing is an orthographic projection that provides separate straight-on views of the front, side (usually right) and top of the object. All three views or elevations go on the same piece of paper with the top view directly above the front view and the right side view directly to the right of the front view.

The following presentation has some examples and some videos explaining orthographic projection, watch them carefully then create an orthographic drawing of your final design.

Third Angle Projection
The symbol for third angle projection.
external image draw3_2_5g6.gif
This is important information for the person interpreting the drawing because in third angle projection:
  • the view from the front is in the middle
  • the view from the left is on the left
  • the view from the right is on the right
  • the view from the top is on the top
  • the view from the bottom is on the bottom
  • the view from the rear is on the far right.


Download and print some Isometric grids from this site:

Google Sketchup